Romans, Chapter 6
© Copyright 1998 Darroll Evans-all rights reserved

As we begin this chapter, please note the recurrence of the word “sin.” 

In all but one verse where we find that word, it appears in the Greek text as a noun. The only exception is in verse 15 where the Greek is a verb. 

In most cases, the definite article appears in the Greek text, but for some reason is not used in the English text.  That use of the definite article makes it clear that the reference is to our sin nature, which produces works of the flesh.

This chapter reflects the problem mankind faces!  Chapter 7 reflects the results of that problem!  Chapter 8 shows the results of God’s plan for those who come to Christ!

Gal 5:19-21
19 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,
21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.

Romans 6:1-2
1 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound?
2 God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?

If we have been saved from sin, and turned from sin, why should even entertain the thought of returning to it? 

Sin mentioned in verse 1 is used as an English verb.

However, the Greek text shows it to be a noun!   

We are not to continue in sin, being dominated by the sin nature.

Jer 17:9 The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?

In verse 2, the word sin is also a noun. 

It speaks of the sin nature, the “old man” (v. 6).

There is a special verse that many do not read.

Luke 9:62 And Jesus said unto him, No man, having put his hand to the plough, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God.”

Romans 6:3-4
3 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?
4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.

Let’s discuss baptism.

“Baptism” (Gr. baptismatos-baptismatoV) means immersion. 

Man-made traditional theology (sprinkling) will not alter the Greek text.

Why do Churches sprinkle? 

Ignorance and tradition!

Why do they sprinkle children? 

They fear that the children will be cast into hell if they die without being sprinkled.

Is the God you worship so cruel?  

I once spoke with a person who proclaimed that Jesus was baptized in 3 inches of water. 

How she knew that I don’t know. 

Old-line Protestant Churches sprinkle due to their Roman Catholic tradition.  

Many are not immersed because they do not understand immersion. 

No Christian denomination founded after 1900 practices sprinkling. 

Baptism is symbolic of the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ Jesus.  

We go under the water signifying His death and burial.

We are raised to newness of "life in Christ" signifying His resurrection and reconciliation to the Father.

Many miss the full meaning. 

I know several people from Old-line Protestant Churches that were immersed when they left those denominations. 

Immersion is an act of obedience! 

However, baptism without repentance is futile.

If you believe that God will cast any child into the lake of Fire because he/she has not been sprinkled, you need to repent! 

Sprinkling is a staple of Roman Catholic theology!  

Some denominations teach that Roman Catholicism is heretical, and yet in this matter they follow Catholicism. 

The Orthodox Churches, while baptizing (immersing) infants, do not sprinkle, because it is unbiblical.

Romans 6:5 For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection:

Baptism by immersion is our symbolic planting with Christ Jesus in His death, followed by our symbolic resurrection.

This verse gives us the progression whereby we may live the resurrection life.

Notice that we must first be “planted together” (Gr. symphutos-σύμφυτος), united with Christ Jesus in the likeness of His death!

It is only when we have been planted together in the likeness of His death that we may “be also in the likeness of his resurrection”!

The second cannot be true if the first is not also true!

“If” is a very important word and the explanation is never complete without the “if!”

Romans 6:6-7
6 Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.

7 For he that is dead is freed from sin.

The old man, or pre-repentant nature has been "crucified with" (Gr. sunestauroothee-sunestaurwqh) Christ.  

We need to come to Christ in truth, the truth of our conversion!

Our old sins are crucified with Him.

God has not called us to serve sin!

“Sin” is used twice in verse 6. 

In both cases the Greek reference is to {the} sin.

In the first case, we find the reference says that we were crucified with Christ in order to destroy “the body the sin.”

We are to take up our cross daily so as to perpetually (daily) crucify the sin nature, our old man. 

Sin, as used the second time in verse 6 also speaks of the sin (Gr. tee hamartia-th amartia).

The Greek text says, “so that we no longer serve the sin.”

“Freed” speaks of being caused to be seen as righteous. 

We have been freed from {the} sin, and not freed to again participate in sin activity. 

Being socially likeable is of no value without Christ!

Romans 6:8 Now if we be dead with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him:

Here we run into the phrase "with Christ" (Gr. sun christou-sun cristou)."  

That small Greek word/prefix, "sun-sun" is very important. 

The Greek means "to be in extremely close association with." 

Paul declares that we died "with" Christ.

He also says we live "with" Him. 

If you draw a lone on a piece of paper, and then draw a second line exactly on top of the first, the second line would be "with" the first.

Romans 6:9 Knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over him.

Christ Jesus has been raised from the dead to show us that He dominates death. The fact is that Christ was never subject to death, but for our sakes he died to show us that he dominates death.

Jesus did not die because of the scourging or the crucifixion! 

Romans 6:10 For in that he died, he died unto sin once: but in that he liveth, he liveth unto God.

He did it once {for all} (Gr. efapax-efapax)(Hebrews 10:10)! 

He took all our sins past---present---and future!

There is now no need for repeated sacrifices. 

Jesus made the sacrifice complete. 

Although Christ did not join with us in the sin nature, He identified with us and died to {the} sin nature once for all.

Romans 6:11 Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.

If we live through Christ, we are dead to sin, because we are a new creation!

2 Corinthians 5:17 Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.

Romans 6:12 Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof.

As new creations, as God’s children, we are not to allow a deviant, sinful life-style rule in our lives.  

Again, we find a reference to {the} sin, the sin nature.

Romans 6:13 Neither yield ye your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God.

If you are Christ’s, live like it! 

Christians are instruments of God’s righteousness! 

The Greek word translated "Instruments" speaks of instruments of warfare. 

“Sin”---appears in the literal translation of the Greek text as {the} sin, our sin nature.  

We are not only instruments of His warfare.

We are victorious in His warfare.

Romans 6:14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.

“Dominion” means to exercise lordship.  Sin shall not Lord it over us.

Sin is not your ruler, Christ is!

But, How do you accomplish that?

You do not accomplish it! Christ Jesus does!

When the Light of Christ comes to you all shadows of Law dissipate. As this verse tells us, “ye are not under the law, but under grace.

The Law is a shadow! Shadows have no substance. When Light comes shadows must disappear. They have no choice.

Heb 10:1a For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things,

 Col 2:16-17a
16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:
17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

We are not under or subject to the law, because we are subject to God’s grace!

The Law has only one purpose. 

It was given to point out sin. 

Once we acknowledge that the Law has pointed out the sin in our lives it has fulfilled its purpose and we are no longer “under the law.” 

Then, grace takes over our lives and we are “under grace.”

Romans 6:15 What then? shall we sin, because we are not under the law, but under grace? God forbid.

Paul returns to rhetorical questioning. 

"Shall we sin?" 

Here, sin appears as an action verb.  

The spiritually ignorant may ask, “After all, we are under grace, and so a little sin won’t hurt. Will it?” 

Grace is not license. 

Sin always hurts! 

Those that attempt to corrupt grace will finds that it is not a good idea. 

Being under grace does not give us a "license" to sin. 

Instead it gives the impetus to obey God. 

Without grace we cannot obey God!

Romans 6:16 Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?

Do you obey sin or righteousness? 

Your answer tells you if you follow Christ or Satan.

The living ones follow Christ. 

The rest follow Satan, because life is not in them. In Verse 16, sin leads to death.

Again, Christ died on the cross because he acquired our sin.

Romans 6:17 But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you.

Whatever you serve, you obey from the heart.  

If you serve {the} sin, the sinful nature, you will do it with your whole heart. 

If you serve Christ it must also be without reservation.  

Christ does not save halfway! 

Your obedience should not to be halfway.

Romans 6:18 Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness.

We were servants of {the} sin, our sinful nature.

Now, in Christ, we are servants of righteousness. 

In Christ, we are new creations.

2 Corinthians 5:17 Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.” 

We are not to live according to our “old man” sinful nature. 

Instead, we are to be “renewed in the spirit” of our mind (Eph 4:23).

Romans 6:19 I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your members servants to righteousness unto holiness.

Any good teacher will communicate on the level of his/her students. 

It would be futile to attempt to teach algebra to third graders. 

It is also futile to attempt to teach babes-in-Christ the deep things of the Spirit. 

If in the past, you yielded to uncleanness and iniquity, now in Christ it is time for you to serve what is holy! 

“Yield” means to stand beside. 

When we yield to something, we stand beside it as if being on the same side. 

Are you standing beside holiness?

Romans 6:20 For when ye were the servants of sin, ye were free from righteousness.

This verse seems so plain in its concept.

If we serve {the} sin nature and unrighteousness we are free from righteousness. 

Do you understand the concept of being “free from righteousness”?

1 John 3:4 Everyone who practices sin also practices lawlessness; and sin is lawlessness. (NASB)

The Antichrist is the lawless one. 

2 Thessalonians 2:8 “And then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord will consume with the breath of His mouth and destroy with the brightness of His coming” (NKJV). 

Those that follow Satan take on his characteristics of lawlessness. 

Those that follow Christ take on His characteristics of law-abiding love and forgiveness. 

No matter how good the unrighteous seem to be, they are still UN-righteous!  

The world and most Church attendees cannot differentiate between what is righteous and what is unrighteous. Satan has the best PR campaign ever devised. 

The Churches of America are filled with the UN-righteousness. 

American Churches are filled with those that support the murder of the unborn, abortion. 

They are filled with those that see no wrong in just a little sin. 

Galatians 5:9 “A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump.”

Romans 6:21 What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death.

What fruit, or advantage did we have when we submit to sin’s call?

Absolutely none! 

Sin is a disadvantage because it leads to death. 

John 10:10 "The thief does not come except to steal, and to kill, and to destroy. I have come that they may have life, and that they may have it more abundantly” (NKJV).

Romans 6:22 But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.

Christians are not free from sin!

We are free from the spiritual effects of sin! 

Notice that Paul writes that we are being made free from {the} sin nature.  

That lack of full maturity is reflected in our ability to sin even though we are followers of Christ. 

However, even though we sin, those sins are covered in His grace! 

What are the evidences of spiritual maturity?

Galatians 5:22-23
22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness,
23 gentleness, self-control. Against such there is no law. (NKJV)

In Romans 6:22, everlasting (Gr. aiwnion) life is the birthright of all that come to Christ.

Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

The wages of {the} sin, the sin nature is death! "Eternal life" (Gr. zooee aioonios-zwh aiwnioV) speaks of everlasting life, not eternal life. 

“Eternal” life is the exclusive domain of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit! 

The word “eternal” speaks of something with No beginning. 

No created being can have “eternal” life and the Bible, Greek text, never says we have eternal life. 

Due to our being born again, we have everlasting life! 

It is a technicality that we should understand. 

God does not call us to be ignorant in such matters.

This verse is part of the Romans Road evangelism presentation, and one of the more quoted verses in all scripture.

It states our spiritual condition prior to Christ's intervention in our lives.

Chapter 7
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