Romans, Chapter 5
© Copyright 1998 Darroll Evans-all rights reserved

Romans 5:1 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:

All of Paul’s letters follow a pattern.

They may be sectioned, but they are not disjointed. 

One chapter builds on what has gone before.

This verse reflects the truth of the last verse in Chapter 4.

Romans 4:25 Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.

Christ Jesus was crucified as the pure sacrifice to pay for our sins. But, He was resurrected to demonstrate our justification.

Paul did not write in chapter and verse style.

The first thing we encounter in this chapter is justification by faith. That concept is also built on Chapter 1 Verse 17.

We have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ! 

We do not have peace with a sin-filled world, but we do have peace with God. 

As grace is imputed through Christ, peace and faith are also imputed through Christ Jesus.

Romans 3:22 Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference:

Galatians 2:16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.

Galatians 3:22 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.

Revelation 14:12 Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.

All Godly things we now have are given to us through Christ.

None has come to us through our efforts.

Romans 5:2 By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.

In Christ, we have access to faith and the grace in which we stand, or abide. 

Christians are continually and permanently justified by faith.

Romans 5:3-5
3 And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4 And patience, experience; and experience, hope:
5 And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.

We find verification of our Christ-centered faith in the trials and tribulations of life. 

In dealing with those things that are adverse to our faith we understand that God is using even those things to strengthen us. 

We brag about victory in Jesus, but you cannot have victory unless there has been a battle. 

Our daily battles are small compared to Jesus' victory of the cross.

Our victory comes in Christ and the victory that He won at calvary! 

The trials we face build our patience.

They are for our benefit. 

The patience gained from struggles comes through what seems to be adverse experience.  

Those experiences and the victories gained build our hope in Christ Jesus.

Biblical hope is closely associated with confidence and trust, a joyous anticipation! It is not the same “hope” that many English speaking people use as a throwaway word!

Some may incorrectly teach that God cannot be glorified in a broken body. 

They may teach that all Christians must be in excellent health. 

When Joni Eareckson Tada was injured God could have healed her. 

God has used her physical limitations to give meaning to many lives that would have gone untouched by someone of lesser spiritual maturity. 

In her "handicapped" condition she reached more for Christ than others who have no excuse.  

Dr. David Ring also has a debilitating condition.

He uses it to bring many to Christ.  

Dr. Ring asks his listeners a simple question, “I have cerebral palsy, what's your excuse?”

Christ Jesus brought salvation to earth through His body being broken on Calvary. 

Those who teach that a broken body is the same as a broken spirit shall one day beg the forgiveness from those God uses in their supposed affliction.

If we use the Old Testament as an example, the three young Hebrews were not saved FROM the fire, they were saved the IN the fire of adverse circumstances!

Our hope in the return of Christ Jesus is a strict confidence in the salvation that the Father has provided in the Son!

In our hope we know that we shall not be dishonored, disgraced, spiritually confused, frustrated, or disappointed!

Romans 5:6 For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.

In dealing with this verse, we get a better word picture from the NASB.

Romans 5:6 For while we were still helpless, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. (NASB)

Do you understand that until Christ came to you, you were helpless to do anything about the sin you lived in? 

Sin causes us to be spiritually weak. 

While mankind was immersed in sin Christ Jesus went to the cross, giving His life so that we may come to life.

Who are the “ungodly?” 

All mankind!

Christ died for mankind.

1 Timothy 2:6a [Christ Jesus] “Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.” 

Hebrews 10:10 “By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.”

The word “all” (Gr. ephapax-efapax) in Hebrews 10:10 is inclusive. 

Christ did not bring us a limited atonement.

Romans 5:7 For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die.

Life is precious. People do not give it up without purpose. 

There was great purpose in Jesus’ crucifixion. 

Romans 5:8 But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.

Commandeth” means, "He put together with."

He put us together with His love.

Think about that! 

We were not cleaned up prior to being given His love. 

The process of salvation is perhaps the least know spiritual process.

We are not saved by our proclamation. 

Prior to our proclamation of Jesus as Lord, the Holy Spirit comes to us to give us the power to give that proclamation.

1 Cor 12:3b and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost.

We were still sinners when Christ died for us. 

It is the Holy Spirit that calls us and empowers us to come to Christ.

In His scourging and crucifixion, Jesus showed us the ultimate action of love. 

Love is experiential!

In Salvation we experience the love of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. Christ Jesus experienced our death! 

We experience His love!

Romans 5:9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.

The blood of Christ justifies us. 

Never turn away from the fact of His blood. 

Several years ago a Deacon in a large Baptist Church requested that they do away all those "blood" songs. 

That man may have been a Deacon, but he was as lost as any heathen in the world. 

It is impossible to separate Christ's sacrifice from the shedding of His blood.

Romans 5:10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.

"When we were" speaks of "being." 

This verse could be translated, "Although being (God’s) enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, and even more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved through His life."

We are NOT reconciled to God due to our goodness. 

Salvation is NOT of works (Eph. 2:9). 

We are reconciled only through His life.  

If Christ Jesus had not risen, we could not be reconciled to the Father!

Romans 5:11 And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.

What does it mean to "joy in God"?  

To "joy in God" simply means to boast about what He has done on your behalf. 

If you have accepted Jesus Christ as Lord of your life, you are a child of God.  

Is that boasting? 

Of Course it is, and rightly so!

It was through the One that gave His life for you that you received atonement. 

Some describe "atonement" as at-one-ment with God.

It is much more.  

The English word "atonement" appears in the KJV-NT only once, here in Romans 5:11.

The Greek word from which it is translated (Gr. katallageen-katallaghn) appears 4 times. 

The other times it is correctly translated reconciling, or reconciliation.

Atonement appears in the English version of the Old Testament over 80 times, but only once in the New Testament.

Christ died once for our sins.

In that He reconciled us to God by His blood. 

No repetition is necessary under the New Covenant.

Romans 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man {the} sin entered into the world, and {the} death by {the} sin; and so {the} death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:

Adam's sin brought all humankind under the condemnation of {the} (second) death because of {the} sin (Gr. hee hamartia-h amartia), refers to the sin nature.  I have added the Greek article where it appears to clarify the meaning.

God had the remedy long before "we" had the problem. 

Hebrews 10:10---By that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all” (NKJV). 

Christ was sacrificed once for all! 

That is a spiritual fact! 

The spiritual fact is that “all have sinned.”

We have all taken part in sinful activity. 

While the word sin is used as a noun speaking of the sin nature, the word sinned is a verb speaking of our actions.

Romans 5:13-14
13 (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.
14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.

Adam had just one commandment. 

He was not to eat the fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. 

He could not keep it!

God does not judge without a basis for that judgment. Prior to the giving of the Ten there was no basis for negative judgment against sin. God gave the ten to establish His judgment. 

He does not judge on the basis of our abilities to keep commandments.

We are judged on Jesus’ accomplishment on the cross!

Gal 3:13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:

Notice that for us our redemption is past tense. But, our redemption comes about in a specific sequence with our resurrection to life as the final action in that sequence.

When Christ led captivity captive (Ephesians 4:8), all those in Paradise were held captive by death.

1 Peter 3:18-20
 For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:
19 By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison;
20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water.

When Christ preached to those being held as “spirits in prison” He was preaching to those who had been “disobedient” in the days of Noah!

 The just Christ died for the unjust of all ages!

Heb. 10:10 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

We are sanctified through the offering of Christ Jesus on the cross, and not through that we have struggled to accomplish.

Why did they die?

Due to Adam’s transgression in the matter of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil they had been denied a presence in Eden. That meant that they no longer were surrounded by pollution-free nature and they began the death process. But even with that living to well beyond 700 years in age was normal.

Romans 5:15 But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.

Let’s focus on something that is not evident in the English translation.

Focus on the definite article---"the."  That is true in both appearances of “many” in this verse. “The many” when used in Scripture is a euphemism referring to all of mankind.

Through the offence of one {the} many be dead. 

{The} many" represents mankind, because all have sinned and fall short (Romans 3:23). 

All were dead in trespasses and sins (Ephesians 2:1). 

Due to Adam’s offense, the many---mankind was subjected to death. 

Through "the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, has abounded unto {the} (Gr. tous-touV) many.” 

The first "the many" represents mankind, therefore the second group is the same group.

All have sinned!

All shall be affected by God’s gift! God’s grace overwhelms all sin in any amount! The Bible tells us explicitly that where {the} sin abounds {the} grace abounds much more, or super abounds (Gr. huperperisseuō-ὑπερπερισσεύω/Romans 5:20)!

Romans 5:16 And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification.

Do you know that sin is no match for grace? 

As Christ defeated death, grace defeats sin!  

“Justification” speaks of a judicial pronouncement, a declaration of innocence. 

God’s free gift is a declaration of innocence through the grace that is in Christ Jesus. 

Romans 5:17 For if by {the} one man's offence {the}  death reigned by {the} one; much more they {the ones} which receive {the} abundance of {the} grace and of the gift of {the} righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)

Once again the Greek definite articles are missing. 

“{The} one man’s offense” points to Adam’s rebellion against God’s instructions. 

Later in this verse, “{the} One” obviously points to Christ Jesus. 

Due to Adam’s sin, death reigned over mankind!

We are “the ones” receiving  the abundance of the grace of the righteousness through the One Christ Jesus.

Life comes to us due to the superabundance (Gr. huperperisseuō-ὑπερπερισσεύω) of grace, and the gift of righteousness in Christ Jesus!  

Romans 5:18  Therefore as by the offence of {the} one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.

This verse is where many commentators start meandering around the Bible looking for an out. 

However, the language is plain and it is correct. 

Romans 5:18-19 cannot be explained using mainstream theology!

It must be explained by the counsel of the Bible, not tradition. 

Due to one offense, or deviant act, condemnation came to all people. 

That fact is accepted by all Christians.

Due to the righteous action of one, justification of life has come to all. 

That fact is not accepted by most Christians.

Romans 5:19 For as by {the} one man's {the} disobedience {the} many were made sinners, so by the obedience of {the} one shall {the} many be made righteous.

Again, let me add the definite articles {the}. The disobedient one is Adam (affecting mankind), and the Obedient One is Christ Jesus (affecting mankind).

Romans 5:19 For as by {the} one man's disobedience {the} many (Gr. hoi polloi- oi polloi) were made sinners, so by the obedience of {the} one shall {the} many (Gr. hoi polloi- oi polloi) be made righteous.

I highlighted the definite article, “the”.

This section and in particular this verse is a comparison.

Compare the two groups to see if there are really two groups.

“The many” is actually just one group, mankind. 

Both Adam and Christ had extreme effects on mankind. 

Shall be made (Gr. katastatheesontai-katastaqhsontai) is future indicative indicating what the Author feels shall happen. 

While Paul may be the scribe in the writing of Romans, God the Holy Spirit is the Author. 

Adam brought death to “the many.” 

Christ brought “the many” life.

That truth shall become apparent in due time.

1 Tim 2:6 [Christ Jesus] Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.

The Holy Spirit has been sent to reprove the world, to point out sin to all.

John 16:8 And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:

Is that reproving and act of futility?

Or, is it an act of compassion to show those who live in denial the way to Christ?

The invitation to come has gone out to all. 

How “the many” responds is an individual and personal act.

Becoming a sinner does not require grace or faith, but becoming a saint requires both!

Romans 4:3 For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.

Romans 5:20-21
20 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where {the} sin abounded, {the} grace did much more abound:
21 That as {the} sin hath reigned unto death, even so might {the} grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.

Where THE sin nature merely abounded, THE GRACE OF GOD super-abounded! No matter what sin or how much sin God’s grace in Christ Jesus always overwhelms it!

The job of the Law is to highlight the sin in our lives!  

Sin only abounds, but grace super-abounds! 

Sin brought death, through Adam.

Grace brings life, through Christ Jesus.  

Sin is no match for grace!

Chapter 6
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