Philippians, Chapter 1
© copyright 1997 Darroll Evans, all rights reserved

Philippians 1:1 Paul and Timotheus, the servants of Jesus Christ, to all the saints in Christ Jesus which are at Philippi, with the bishops and deacons:

The first thing we notice is the absence of Paul's title, Apostle.

Apostle (Gr. apostolos-apostoloV) refers to one who is sent.

In the biblical sense, it is one who is sent to preach the gospel, and to start churches. In today’s context, an apostle is a missionary.

It is only in Philippians, 1st and 2nd Thessalonians, and Philemon that Paul does not establish his apostolic authority.

Paul’s authority as an apostle and the gospel of grace were not universally accepted during his lifetime.

Paul was called and separated to the service of Christ from his birth!

Gal 1:15 But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother's womb, and called me by his grace,

However, Paul was separated for the task of preaching the gospel of grace to all men and the Gentiles in particular!

None of the other Apostles had received the mystery of the gospel of grace!

Indeed, grace was a mystery to all but Paul!

Acts 21:20 And when they heard it, they glorified the Lord, and said unto him, Thou seest, brother, how many thousands of Jews there are which believe; and they are all zealous of the law:

The Jews of his day and ours were and are zealous for the law, but not zealous for grace!

2 Pet 3:16 As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.

Even Peter, a spokesman for the original Apostles considered some of Paul’s teaching to be “hard to be understood.”

No wonder that many Roman Catholics cannot understand grace their “supposed founder” Peter could not understand grace!

Today far too many Churches teach a deadly mixture of works and grace. 

Personally, I do not know of a single denomination in the world that relies exclusively on God’s grace for salvation!

And yet, the Bible is explicit!

Eph 2:8-9
8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:
9 Not of works, lest any man should boast.

The message of grace is still not understood, nor is it universally accepted.

Philippians is a "thank you" note to friends and there is no need to establish Paul’s authority.

When Abram began to be used by God his name was changed to Abraham.

Jacob was changed to Israel.

Saul of Tarsus was changed to Paul.

The name Paul first appears in the New Testament in Acts 13:9.

What does Paul mean? 

According to many, Paul means small or little. 

Paul referred to himself as being the least of the Apostles (1 Corinthians 15:9).  In that verse, the Greek word translated “least” is elachistos-ἐλάχιστος. Now, how they get Paul out of elachistos us beyond me. They make the case to Paul coming from the Latin Paulus, and in doing that they must ignore the etymology of the Latin name Paulus. It comes into Latin from the Greek word Pauw…which brings us back to Paul!

According to A. E. Knoch, "The Address on the letter" (Concordant Publishing), Paul’s name may have come from the Greek pauw meaning to cease, halt, or pause.

Paul’s ministry marks a pause in God's major focus on the Jews. 

Through Paul, the gospel of grace was opened to the nations, the Gentiles.

That "opening" is underscored by Paul’s name change.

Timothy is first mentioned in Acts 16:1---Then came he to Derbe and Lystra: and, behold, a certain disciple was there, named Timotheus, the son of a certain woman, which was a Jewess, and believed; but his father was a Greek.” 

Lystra is ancient Lycaonia (modern Turkey).

The name Timothy (Gr. timo theos-timo qeoV) means “dear to God.”

Philippians begins with "Paul and Timothy."

It is my opinion that Paul included Timothy in the greeting to build up His protégé in the eyes of other Christians.

In verse 1, when Paul says that he and Timothy are "servants of Jesus Christ", he was not being poetic.

The Greek word translated "servants" (Gr. douloi-douloi) indicates bondservants or slaves.

Question: who is responsible for a slave’s well being? 

Answer: the slave’s master.

If you are a slave to Christ Jesus, He is responsible for your well being. 

Satan’s slaves are just slaves. Christ’s slaves are Kings and Priests.

Jesus came, and gave His life so that we may have life and have that life more abundantly (John 10:10). 

The abundant life results in raising us up.

It does not seek to lower others.

Christianity does not operate on the lowest common denominator philosophy.

Jesus Christ willingly gave up His riches to lift you up from your poverty.

2 Corinthians 8:9---For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though He was rich, yet for your sakes He became poor, that you through His poverty might become rich (NKJV).

The Greek word translated "poor" (Gr. eptoocheuse-eptwceuse) in 2 Corinthians 8:9 speaks of becoming indigent.

Do you think of Christ as being indigent? 

In 2 Corinthians 8:9, the Greek word translated "might become rich" (Gr. plouteeseete-plouthshte) is used as a metaphor meaning that Christ Jesus supplied all the resources necessary to bring salvation to all.

This letter is addressed "to all the saints in Christ Jesus, which are at Philippi."

All followers of Christ are saints!

God alone appoints them.

All saints are in Christ, but what does that mean?

It means that we are "in the presence of" Christ.

Romans 8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

Because we are "in" Christ, there is no condemning charge that may be brought against us.

Because we are "in" Christ, God’s Holy Spirit leads us. 

Because we are "in" Christ, our lives are hid with Christ in God (Colossians 3:3).

The spiritual fact is that as saints we have been baptized into Christ Jesus!

Romans 6:1-8
 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound?
2 God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?
3 that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?
4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.
5 For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection:
6 Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.
7 For he that is dead is freed from sin.
8 Now if we be dead with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him:

Gal 3:27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.

1 Cor 1:30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:

There are many benefits contained in our baptism into Christ Jesus!

I offer this thought for your meditations.

The first three words of the English Bible are "In the beginning." 

The Hebrew may also be translated "In the Firstfruits." What does that mean? Who or what is the Firstfruits?

In 1 Corinthians 15:23, Christ is identified as the Firstfruits. 

In John 1:3, 10, Christ is identified as the agent of creation. 

Add to that Romans 11:36---For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen.

Christ is not only the Author and Finisher of "our" faith (Hebrews 12:2), but He is also the Author and Finisher of creation. 

We understand what it means to be the Author, but what does it mean to be the Finisher? 

The Finisher is The Perfector.

Christ is the only One who can perfect our faith. 

He perfects our faith by taking our sins and showing us the reality of resurrection to life.

How can he be the Perfector of creation? 

1 Corinthians 15:28---“And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.”

The letter is also addressed to "bishops and deacons." 

The order of the greeting in Philippians 1:1 may seem odd, because we assume that Bishops/Pastors, Deacons, etc. are the headmen. 

Protocol dictates that the most important person in a group is to be addressed first. "Saint" is as high as it gets.

Bishops and deacons are servants to the saints.

Although the modern Church has reversed the importance, saints were not originally meant to be servants to pastors.

Some pastors now use Church members as their personal slaves. 

Apostles, Prophets, Evangelists, Pastors, and Teachers are servants to the Church, working to strengthen the members.

Ephesians 4:11-12
11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;
12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ.

The Greek word translated "Deacons" speaks of a domestic servant or minister. 

Although the title "Deacon" is not used in Acts 6, the work is.

The original Deacons were elected to serve the tables, distribute food and see to the necessities of Church members (Acts 6:1-6).

Matthew used the same Greek base root word to quote Jesus.

"But, he that is greatest among you shall be your servant" (Matthew 23:11). 

Paul used the same Greek root word to describe the Deaconess, Phebe.

"I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea" (Romans 16:1). 

Paul also described himself by using that same Greek root word.

"Whereof I was made a minister, according to the gift of the grace of God given unto me by the effectual working of his power" (Ephesians 3:7).

Philippians 1:2 Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.

Grace is not from Paul. It is "from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ."

The traditional definition of grace is "God’s unmerited favor."

That definition is weak, and because our traditional definition is weak our concept of grace is weak.

Grace is God’s power at work in our lives.

It is not God’s license to sin.

Nor, does it condone sin. 

God’s grace gives us the power to live righteously. 

Grace is getting something you don’t deserve. 

Ephesians 2:8---For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God.”

The English word "grace" appears only 4 times in the gospels.

In the four Gospels it is never used in a sentence spoken by Jesus Himself. 

The English word "Grace" is found once in Luke (KJV) and 3 times in John.

In each it is used to describe Jesus.

The Greek word that is often translated "grace" (Gr. charis-cariV) is used 8 times in Luke and 4 times is the Gospel of John. Grace (English or Greek) is not found in Matthew or Mark.

By contrast, Paul used "grace" approximately 100 times.

The only time the KJV translators use the English word "grace," as spoken by Jesus, is in 2 Corinthians 12:9.

Speaking to Paul, Christ said, "My 'grace' is sufficient for thee."

Next in Paul's opening, we come to peace.

God's peace is not just an absence of open conflict.

God's peace is true serenity.

God's peace is calm in the midst of conflict, and calm in the eye of the life's hurricanes.

Grace and Peace appear in tandem throughout Paul's writings.

Without God's grace, true peace is impossible. 

True peace is available only through the Lord Jesus Christ.

In verse 2, Paul refers to Jesus as "the Lord" (Gr. Kuriou-Kuriou), indicating Jesus’ proprietorship of mankind. 

Christ Jesus paid the full and complete price for our sins.

I John 2:2---And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.”

Christ redeemed us! 

Galatians 3:13a--- Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us.”

The redemption price was His life! 

1 Timothy 2:6a---“[Christ Jesus] Who gave himself a ransom for all.”

We are Christ's "purchased possession."

Ephesians 1:13-14
13 [Christ Jesus]In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,
14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.

We have also become Jesus' spiritual siblings. 

Hebrews 2:10---For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.”

Most Churches started by Paul were the result of Sabbath meetings with local Jews.

The Philippian Church began in the traditional way.

You will find the story in Acts 16.

If the Philippian Jews met in Synagogue there was a Minyan.

If there was no Synagogue, there was probably no Minyan. 

What is a Minyan?

It is a group of 10 adult male Jews.

That group is a necessity for the establishment of a Synagogue.

Evidently a Minyan did not exist in Philippi.

The first member of the Philippian Church was a Jewish businesswoman named Lydia (Acts 16:14).

The next member that we know about was the jailer.

He was probably a Gentile (16:25-34). 

That reflects God's established order.

Romans 1:16---For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.”

Philippians 1:3 I thank my God upon every remembrance of you,

"I thank" indicates gratitude.

Paul was thankful---to God---for the friendship and fellowship of the Philippians.

“Remembrance” speaks of Paul’s mentioning, which came in the form of prayer to God for their well being. 

Jesus is, at this very moment, interceding for you (Romans 8:34).

Are you interceding for you family and friends? 

When Paul considered what the Philippians had done for him in the work of spreading the gospel, he gave thanks.

Philippians 1:4 Always in every prayer of mine for you all making request with joy,

“Always” speaks of Paul’s attitude of intercessory prayer. 

Instead of saying that you have so much to do that you cannot take time to pray.

The truth is that we have so much to do each day that we cannot get it all done without prayer.

Christians are sustained through daily prayer.

Paul’s prayers were made with joy (Gr. charas-caraV), or calm delight. 

Does that mean Paul was weak or unemotional in His prayers?

Absolutely not! 

The person who is not moved by the fact that (in prayer) he/she is speaking with the Creator of the universe is devoid of all true knowledge and understanding. 

How do you pray?

Do you plead for this and that?

Most people do.

Or, do you thank God for what He has given you? 

I know that the Bible admonishes us that we have not because we ask not (James 4:2).

But, if we spend all our time begging for things, we miss the opportunity to thank God for what He has given.

There must be a balance.

Philippians 1:5 For your fellowship in the gospel from the first day until now;

The fellowship between Paul and the Philippians was based on the gospel. 

Christ took your sins and nailed them to the cross! In His resurrection, Christ defeated our archenemy, death.

The gospel or good news is that we who acknowledge Christ have been born again, remade, renewed in Christ. 

2 Corinthians 5:17---“Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.”

There is great debate today concerning evangelism of the gospel. 

How can the heathen of this age understand evangelism when most Christians do not understand it?

Let me use the Jewish community as an example.

That once great evangelistic community is now devoid of evangelism, because they do not understand it.

Evangelism is not salesmanship! 

Christian evangelism is simply telling what God did for us personally and inviting others to Trust God and believe in the Savior, Christ Jesus.

Personal experience with Christ Jesus is the heart of evangelism.

The man born blind (John 9) and the demoniac (Mark 5) are examples of true evangelism.

Philippians 1:6 Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ:

"Being confident" expresses the idea of full trust and belief, coupled with obedience.

Paul's confidence was not in his abilities, or background.

His confidence was in the work of God through Christ Jesus.

We often hear of earthquakes.

Buildings shake and fall!

No matter how hard the shaking is, the work of God through Christ Jesus shall stand firm!

The Holy Spirit is our guarantee that all righteousness shall be performed in us until the day when Christ comes to claim his own (Ephesians 1:13-14).

From start to finish, salvation is a work of God!

1 Cor 12:3 Wherefore I give you to understand, that no man speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed: and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost.

Without the initial work of the Holy Spirit, none of us may come to Christ.

Our unrepentant human will cannot choose that which is righteous!

The first step on the path to salvation is when the Holy Spirit intervenes in our lives bringing us the faith to trust Christ Jesus!

Romans 6:16-18
 Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?
17 But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you.
18 Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness.

When we were unsaved sinners, we were that way because our master was sin!

At that time, our faith was in self, in money, in anything except Christ Jesus!

But, due to the work of the Holy Spirit, we were given the faith to believe!

Gal 2:16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.

It is due totally to the imputed faith of God the Son, by means of the work of God the Holy Spirit that we are now justified in the sight of God the Father!

Philippians 1:6 Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform (Gr. epiteleō-ἐπιτελέω) it until the day of Jesus Christ:

The Greek word translated “perform” indicates that God shall accomplish your salvation until the day of Christ’s return!

His return is our graduation day when total salvation becomes a reality!

He is responsible for our salvation! We simply enjoy the benfits of His grace!

Philippians 1:7 Even as it is meet for me to think this of you all, because I have you in my heart; inasmuch as both in my bonds, and in the defence and confirmation of the gospel, ye all are partakers of my grace.

"Meet" (Gr. dikaoin-dikaoin) is not meat!

Meet indicates that is was "correct" for Paul to think the way he did.

Paul reminded the Philippians that they were "partakers" of his grace.

Or, did he?

Partakers (Gr. sungkoinoonois-sungkoinwnoiV) would have been better rendered "sharers."

They were literally "fellowshipping with", or "sharers with" Paul in the grace of God. 

The prefix attached to the Greek word comes from sun-sun.

It indicates something that is so close to the original that there is no discernible difference.

Later, we will discuss Paul’s bonds.

Philippians 1:8 For God is my record, how greatly I long after you all in the bowels of Jesus Christ.

Paul called upon God Himself to be a “record,” or witness to his love for the Philippian Church. 

He said, "I long after you all in the bowels of Jesus Christ."

It means that Paul cherished the Philippians with the heart/love of Christ.

Verses 9 through 11 constitute a very beautiful prayer.

Philippians 1:9-11
9 And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and in all judgment;
10 That ye may approve things that are excellent; that ye may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ;
11 Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God.

Abound (Gr. perisseuee-perisseuh) is much more than just abound.

The Greek text asks God to cause our love to super-abound in divine knowledge and moral perception.

Satan is the great deceiver.

It is essential that Christians be able to know what is going on around them. 

Every day we walk among the deceivers and the deceived.

We need the ability to properly discern spiritual things so that we may approve things that are excellent in God’s sight. 

Approve indicates a testing.

God is not afraid of our tests, and we should not fear His tests.

Teachers give tests to assess the student’s progress.

We need to give our approval to things that stand up under great testing.

1Thessalonians 5:21---Test all things; hold fast what is good. (NKJV)

We do that so that we "may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ." 

What does it mean to be sincere?

The term originated in ancient days. 

When buying pottery, the buyer would take the pottery out into bright sunlight.

If the buyer could find no flaws in the pottery it was said to be sincere. 

When submitted to Son-Light, Saints shall be judged to be sincere before God.

“Offence” speaks of blame. 

As Christians, we are without blame.

When we acknowledge Christ Jesus as Lord we become blameless before God.

Saints are also to be "filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God." 

The Greek text says that we have been crammed full of the fruit (singular) of righteousness.

We have heard of the fruit of the Spirit.

But what is the fruit of righteousness? 

The Holy Spirit produces this fruit in our lives.

That fruit consists of those things that are produced within us that bring glory to God.

Here is how we may use Paul’s prayer:

I pray, that your [name of loved one] love may super-abound in knowledge and in all judgment; That [name of loved one] may approve things that are excellent; that he/she may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ; Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by [through] Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God.

Philippians 1:12 But I would ye should understand, brethren, that the things which happened unto me have fallen out rather unto the furtherance of the gospel;

“Furtherance” implies advancement.

Does your life bring about the advancement of the gospel?

This section deals with Paul's imprisonment.

It is perhaps the least understood part of biblical history. 

The first thing we need to understand is that our modern view and Paul's view are not in sync.

Most preach mythology and ignore the Scripture. 

Paul saw the seemingly adverse circumstances as the things that happened to him for the "furtherance of the gospel."

I will explain that.

Due to false accusations, a small army guarded Paul for His safety. 

Acts 23:23---And he called unto him two centurions, saying, Make ready two hundred soldiers to go to Caesarea, and horsemen threescore and ten, and spearmen two hundred, at the third hour of the night.

Since it was illegal to bind a Roman citizen, it is highly unlikely that he was taken to Rome in chains, but it makes a good story.

The Captain of the Roman Guard that saved Paul's life in Jerusalem was in fear for his own life when he found that soldiers under his command had "bound" a Roman Citizen.

Acts 22:29---Then straightway they departed from him which should have examined him: and the chief captain also was afraid, after he knew that he was a Roman, and because he had bound him.”   Such indiscretions were not taken lightly!

In Caesarea, Paul lived in a palace with a Roman Centurion (and presumably his entire company) to watch him.

However, during that time he could talk to whomever he wanted whenever he wanted. 

Think about it, a prisoner living in a palace, with a personal bodyguard.

Paul qualifies the next verse.

He says that his bonds are "in Christ," and that is evident to all in the palace.

Philippians 1:13 So that my bonds in Christ are manifest in all the palace, and in all other places;

Most commentaries tell about Paul's imaginary physical bonds when it is apparent to anyone that speaks and reads English that Paul is writing about his bonds were in Christ.

“Manifest” means that Paul’s attachment to Christ was apparent, and clearly understood by all.

Philippians 1:14 And many of the brethren in the Lord, waxing confident by my bonds, are much more bold to speak the word without fear.

Because of Paul’s bonds in Christ many other Christians became bold in their testimony.

Because of Paul, they spoke without fear.

Philippians 1:15-17
15 Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will:
16 The one preach Christ of contention, not sincerely, supposing to add affliction to my bonds:
17 But the other of love, knowing that I am set for the defence of the gospel.

Those that preached in Paul’s day may be placed into two groups. Some preached due to envy, and some due to good will. Paul was not universally accepted as an Apostle.

The message of grace is not universally accepted today. 

Many claim to teach and to preach grace, but few are willing to go where grace leads!

Recently, one Pastor was disenfranchised from those he respected because he finally understood the power of grace and taught it.

A friend of mine was disenfranchised from his Church, because he believed too much in the power of God in Christ. 

There are many that profess the "full" gospel, but few actually are!

Philippians 1:18 What then? notwithstanding, every way, whether in pretence, or in truth, Christ is preached; and I therein do rejoice, yea, and will rejoice.

Paul's attitude was that regardless of the speaker’s motives, he rejoiced when Christ was preached.

Paul was a rare fellow. He would not have fit in today!

I therein do rejoice, yea, and will rejoice.

Literal: “In this rejoice, and I also will rejoice.”

(Gr. en toutoo chairoo alla kai chareesomai-en toutw alla kai carhsomai)

Rejoicing is being filled with joy. 

We should be filled with joy that Christ paid the full and complete price to redeem us from sin.

Philippians 1:19-26
19 For I know that this shall turn to my salvation through your prayer, and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ,
20 According to my earnest expectation and my hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but that with all boldness, as always, so now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether it be by life, or by death.
21 For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain.
22 But if I live in the flesh, this is the fruit of my labour: yet what I shall choose I wot not.
23 For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better:
24 Nevertheless to abide in the flesh is more needful for you.
25 And having this confidence, I know that I shall abide and continue with you all for your furtherance and joy of faith;
26 That your rejoicing may be more abundant in Jesus Christ for me by my coming to you again.

This section deals with the expectancy of salvation. 

Paul begins this section by proclaiming, "I know that this shall turn to my salvation/legal deliverance through your prayer, and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ."

Paul knew that all would turn out as God had planned.

That is a truth few accept.

That being true, there was no way that he would not benefit from his experiences.

Assurance is a wonderful word.

It is an even more wonderful Christian concept!  

Do you live in assurance?

John 6:37 All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.

Hebrews 13:5b for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee.

I John 5:13 These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.

Paul had God’s assurance, and that is sufficient for meeting any need. 

How many of us live with daily assurance?

Philippians 1:20 According to my earnest expectation and my hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but that with all boldness, as always, so now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether it be by life, or by death.

Why was Paul so concerned about being ashamed (Gr. aischunomai-αἰσχύνομαι)?  

The Greek word translated "ashamed" carries with it the concept of disfigurement.

Rejection of Christ brings on spiritual disfigurement.

Paul’s greatest desire was to serve Christ Jesus, and it did not matter whether that service was in this life or the next.

Verse 21 is the greatest single proclamation in Philippians. "For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain."  Paul was making a choice. Would he stay, or go to the next level?

1:22 But if I live in the flesh, this is the fruit of my labour: yet what I shall choose I wot not.

According to the KJV, Paul wrote, "I wot not," that means "I don't know."

Paul was leaving his future in God’s hands.

Philippians 1:23-24
23 For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better:
24 Nevertheless to abide in the flesh is more needful for you.

I believe that Christ gave him a choice.

He could leave or stay.

For our benefit and that of the Philippians, he chose to stay.

Philippians 1:25 And having this confidence, I know that I shall abide and continue with you all for your furtherance and joy of faith;

Again, the joy is calm delight. 

Do you understand that we may have faith without having the joy of faith? 

Gloom and doom Christians have lost the joy of their salvation, but that can happen to any of us. 

David wrote, “Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy free spirit.” (Ps 51:12)

Philippians 1:26 That your rejoicing may be more abundant in Jesus Christ for me by my coming to you again.

“Rejoicing,” in this use speaks of boasting of what Christ has done for us.

Paul made his decision so that the Philippians' rejoicing may super-abound.

Philippians 1:27 Only let your conversation be as it becometh the gospel of Christ: that whether I come and see you, or else be absent, I may hear of your affairs, that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind striving together for the faith of the gospel;

Verse 27 seems to be one of those rare stand-alone verses.

“Conversation” indicates the social conduct of our lives.

Our social conduct should be worthy of the Gospel of Christ.

Paul counseled the Philippians to "stand fast," or persevere in spiritual unity.

Philippians 1:28 And in nothing terrified by your adversaries: which is to them an evident token of perdition, but to you of salvation, and that of God.

Worry and fear are not Christian virtues!

We are not to be terrified, or scared by what we experience.

Paul wrote to Timothy, saying that God has not given us a spirit of fear [timidity], but of power, and love, and a sound mind [self-control] (2 Timothy 1:7).

Fear grips many that attend church.

That is not the way of Christ. 

Christ Jesus offers us spiritual safety.

However, that safety does not give us immunity from suffering.

Philippians 1:29 For unto you it is given in the behalf of Christ, not only to believe on him, but also to suffer for his sake

“Suffering” is not a popular Christian doctrine. 

We are children of the promise, "I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee" (Hebrews 13:5).

The literal translation is, "I will never-never, leave you—never-never forsake you."  

When you suffer for Christ, remember the words "fear not" appear in the KJV over sixty times. Perhaps God is trying to tell us something!

Philippians 1:30 Having the same conflict which ye saw in me, and now hear to be in me.

“Conflict” indicates a battle. 

If you are in Christ, you will experience a life-long conflict with the forces of Satan and human nature.

Chapter 2